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Building on a Firm Foundation: Supporting Students with More Intensive Support Needs in UDL Environments


Joy Smiley Zabala, Ed.D.


AEM Center at CAST




Universal Design for Learning is the firm foundation for the education all students. Some students with more intensive support needs also require individualized services based on their unique needs in order to participate in and benefit from learning environments built and maintained according to the principles and practices of UDL. A student scenario is used to illustrate the complementary nature of UDL and individualized supports and services.

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Zabala, J. (2016). Building on a firm foundation: supporting students with more intensive support needs in UDL environments. Wakefield, MA: National Center on Accessible Educational Materials. Retrieved [insert date] from

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